History of Australia's railway network
There is a lot to cover when looking at the rail history of Australia. Separate colonies on the mainland, private networks, and then government networks, multiple gauges, and the connection of each point on the compass in Australia by rail.
Let us give you the historical highlights.
The beginning of Rail in Australia
The first recorded railway dates from December 1831 in Newcastle, New South Wales. A railway, privately owned by the Australian Agricultural Company, served the A Pit coal mine.
In other States of Australia, the Victorian rail network and the wider New South Wales rail network opened in 1854.
The privatised networks in New South Wales and Victoria were soon found to not be profitable and were taken over by the respective governments.
The South Australian rail network, fully government-owned, opened in 1854 as well.